The Nigerian flag is a vertical bicolour triband of green, white and green. The two green stripes represent Nigeria's natural wealth, while the white band represents peace. It was designed in 1959 by Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi and was officially adopted on October 1, 1960.
Nigeria’s Coat of Arms features two white horses supporting a black shield, with a White “Y” shape running across the middle of the shield. Above the shield is a red eagle sitting on a green and white band placed on the shield. Beneath them are green grass, yellow flowers and a banderole.The white horses represent dignity, the shield represents Nigeria’s fertile soil, the eagle represents strength, while the green and white bands represent Nigeria’s rich soil. The White ‘Y’ shape on the black shield represents the Niger and the Benue rivers. The yellow flower at the base is Nigeria’s national flower, the Costus Spectabilis, and the banderole is Nigeria's national motto since 1978, ‘Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress’ (formerly ‘Peace, Unity, Freedom’).
The Nigerian National Anthem
Composed by Pa Benedict Odiase, MON
I pledge to Nigeria my Country
To be faithful, loyal and honest
To serve Nigeria with all my strength
To defend her unity
And uphold her honour and glory
So help me God.